Pla•gia•rism (noun) the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.
The Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (2010) states that to “plagiarize” means:
- to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
- to use (another’s production) without crediting the source
- to commit literary theft
- to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
I think that the best way to prevent plagiarism is to educate the students how not to plagiarize, then check their work. Consider using the first time that a student plagiarizes as a “teaching moment.;” if there is a second time, then follow campus policies to have the matter examined more closely.
Why do students plagiarize? (plagiarism dot ORG., 2010)
- They may not know the proper forms of citation
- Inability to determine between paraphrasing and plagiarism
- They may mix up their ideas and notes with other sources
- They have deep fears about making the grade, which can cloud their judgment
- Lack of time-management skills that causes them to wait until the last minute to work on their papers
- Not all cultures view plagiarism the same
If you require your students to write a paper for your course, make sure to provide your students with detailed requirements including the paper format (Chicago, APA, MLA, ACS, AAA, and APSA), citation support, and campus policies.
Some Links for Citation Support
- Chicago: http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocChiNotes_1stRef_article.html
- MLA: http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/DocMLAWorksCited.html
- IEEE: http://www.ecf.utoronto.ca/~writing/handbook-docum1b.html
Tips for Making an Assignment Plagiarism Free
Jill Frey, Writing Center Coordinator at Presbyterian College, suggests the following assignment requirements to help prevent plagiarism:
- Require specific topics
- Require particular formats or text models
- Focus on current issues
- Require current sources
- Ask students to write on local issues
- Have students include personal interviews
- Ask for some personal reflection
- Require team reports
- Ask for oral reports along with the written papers
Checking for Plagiarism
Before your students turn in their papers, have them check their own work first. Allow them to correct their errors before you see it.
- WriteCheck http://www.writecheck.com: Allows students to check their own work. “…first: spelling check; second: grammar check; and, third: originality check.”
- Google http://www.google.com/: Copy/Paste the sentence inside the search box with quotations around it and then search. If it matches you will find links to the web pages that the sentence was extracted from. Then use the browser Find tool to search the page for the sentence.
Testing your Plagiarism Knowledge
- How to Recognize Plagiarism: see https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/practice.html This web site can help students and faculty learn more about what constitutes plagiarism. It also provides examples of how to correctly use citations and quotations.
- Plagiarism Test: see https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/plagiarism_test.html. This site provides a self-assessment of plagiarism knowledge.
Souce for Image: http://tilt.library.skagit.edu/module4/plagiarism.htm (cited Nov 2010)
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010.
Retrieved Nov. 9, 2010, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarize